Vast differences in the human capital origins of these populations and in the way they are received in the United States translate into significant disparities in the resources available to families and ethnic communities to raise a new generation in America. (Portes and Rivas 221)
In this excerpt, Portes and Rivas suggest that “disparities in the resources available to families and ethnic communities” greatly influence acculturation and integration. What immigrant families have available to them help determine their success and their ability to be accepted into the US mainstream. Families with less resources will most likely be marginalized more, be more reliant on welfare systems that may negatively affect their ability to be upward mobile—which will also affect the children and how successful they are in their academic endeavors. Furthermore, the researchers note “the way they are received” in the U.S. affect immigrant acculturation. This puts some responsibility on the host country for whether or not immigrants in their country are receptive to adaptation. It may be that in some cases immigrants who wish to integrate into US mainstream are not allowed to because they are not given the chance to by mainstream society.